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Note: This page was written as part of an assignment (where the first draft of the Install Guide was written). It is designed to follow on from Install Guide, and is currently focused on configuring for South Australia.
When the system finishes booting, you are presented with the login screen. To log in, put your login (remember, not your full name, the name you selected as your login name) into the Username box, and press the enter key. Next put in your password (which will show up as black dots), and press the enter key. If your login is valid, and you put your details in properly, you will be logged in.
The first thing you will notice is its exactly the same as the live CDROM was, except the 'Install' and 'Example' icons are missing from the desktop.
Updating installed software
First thing to do after the install is complete should be to run updates. This makes sure your systems is patched against security flaws, and in the case of gNewSense, the updates also include general bug fixes. The two tools we will use for this are called 'Software Properties', and 'Update Manager'. Software Properties is used to set the download locations for the updates (these locations are called 'Repositories'), and Update Manager is used to download and install the updates.
Software Properties can be found in the 'System' menu, under 'Administration'. When you click on Software Properties in the menu, it will open up a password box. Enter your password and click OK.
When a Software Preferences window appears, you will notice that there is 4 repositories - two sets of two. This is a bug in the version of gNewSense I have here, so we will remove the two extra repositories.
To remove a repository, click on the URL, and click the 'Remove' button on the right hand side of the window. Do this for one line in each duplicate set, and your screen will look like this:
Click 'Close' to exit software properties and it pops up a window asking if you want to reload your package lists. This window appears because you changed something (you removed two repositories).
Click 'Reload', and wait while it downloads updated lists. If it cant connect to the servers specified in the repositories list, it will produce an error (see next page).
This window is opened while this happens.
If you get an error saying 'Could not download all repository indexes', check your network is configured correctly.
If no error appears, the window will close, and leave you free to open Update Manager!
Update Manager is located in the same menu as Software Properties. If your using Update Manager immediately after using Software Properties you will receive no password prompt, as it remembers you putting your password in for 15 minutes. If you haven't used it recently, it will ask you for your administrative password.
Update Manager will scan your package lists, and work out what packages need upgrading. It then displays a list for you to view and install. gNewSense 0.92 has a large updates list ( its about 150MB, but this is because of its (currently) rapid development and bug fixing. In the example picture there is only 3 updates ) my system is almost up to date already.
When your system is up to date, you see this window:
I suggest if you have enough bandwidth you install all the pending updates â€“ they fix a lot of bugs! If you cant, at a minimum install the new kernel, and system-backends-tools. Wait for the updates to install, then reboot the computer, into a (hopefully) less buggy and more stable system.
Correcting the time.
In case you have rebooted and noticed your clock is wrong (remember, we skipped it during install), we will fix that now.
To change the time, right click on the clock in the corner. Click on 'Adjust Date and Time'. You are then asked to enter the administrative password. This is the password you set during install. A window opens, with several options for changing the time.
I'll explain what these options allow you to change.
This had 3 fields. From left to right they are hours, minutes and seconds. You should note that the hour is set in 24 hour time, not 12 hour.
If the month or year is wrong, click the little triangles next to them. Left goes backwards (eg 2002), and right goes up (eg 2020).
Clicking on any date will make that date default.
If your networking is functional, there's an easier way to fix the time. Click the "Synchronize now" button to automatically get the time and date corrected (it will be accurate to within about 5 decimal places). This is a one off thing though, so the clock may drift.
This should have been set correctly during install, but if it wasn't, set it now using the same method using during install (clicking on the map).
Setting up the network
If you ran the installer with the network cable unplugged, your network is probably not configured. To configure networking, click the 'Networking' option in Administration menu in System. You are required to enter your password (just as you were for running Update Manager). Assuming you have a network card that is supported it will appear in the window labelled 'Ethernet connection', with some subtext.
Any unconfigured devices have a big red square with a cross on it over them.
Select one and it will look like this
To enable the device, click on the tick box, and click the drop down next to 'configuration'. Select DHCP and click the 'OK' button.
The device is now configured, but still inactive. To make it active click 'Activate', and it pops up a window while it tries to contact a DHCP server.
Click OK to close the networking window.
Adding the personal touch.
This section briefly covers customising gNewSense to 'know' some details about you that can be automatically inserted into programs.
At the top of the Preferences menu (This menu is for things you can customise to your taste) there is a menu item called "About Me". About me allows you to set a number of pieces of information including:
* Email * Telephone * Instant Messaging * Address (home and work) * Personal Information (such as website, and profession) * A Picture * Your password.
Adding text into these fields is easy - click in the spot you want to type text with your mouse, and type in the information. If you look at the screen shot bellow, you can see About Me, filled out with some of my details. To add an address, simply click the tab Address, and click in the fields like you did for the information on the first page.
Root and sudo
If you plan to be using a terminal to do administration work, we reccomend you read "man sudo_root". It explains some of the differences between how system administration is done in gNewSense and a distribution like Debian